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Margaret Thatcher – Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (1979-1990). Svetoslav Malinov – PhD, ...

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The Russian Model of Democracy

The article elaborates discusses the contemporary Russian model of democracy that took shape in 1990s. ...

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Highlights in the Russian Policy towards

The paper abounds in facts and proofs of the anti-Bulgarian initiatives in the foreign p...

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Books

Official Reports of Proceedings of the Constituent Assembly in 1879 Official Reports of Proceedings of the Constituent Assembly in 1879

Compiled by:Vesselin Metodiev

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The book is a compilation of the proceedings of the Constituent Assembly which sits for the first time in 1879 following the liberation of Bulgaria from the Ottoman Empire. This first Bulgarian Parliament marks the turning of Bulgaria into a modern state. It is interesting to follow the deliberations of the Bulgarian notables who meet for the first time to draft, and subsequently adopt, the first document of modern Bulgaria – its Constitution. The book shows the ability of the Bulgarians from that period to build modern state institutions and to incorporate into their vision of statehood the leading principle of the rule of law as a road to civil society and parliamentary democracy.

COLD PEACE - Russia’s New ImperialismCOLD PEACE - Russia’s New Imperialism

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This book is intended to decipher Russia’s foreign policy toward the new democracies of Central-Eastern Europe since the breakup of the Soviet Union. It contends that under the presidency of Vladimir Putin, Moscow has reasserted and reinvigorated its neo-imperialist ambitions toward its neighbors and is committed to rebuilding a strong state and an expansive “sphere of dominance” in the vast Euro-Asian region. For Russia to achieve a measure of international stability it would need to become a post-imperial state based on the national principle, much like Britain, France, Spain, and Austria after their empires crumbled. Russia's central problem, which poses a constant threat to the sovereignty of numerous neighbors, is its inability or unwillingness to forge a distinct national identity and clearly delimit its territorial reach. In order to become a nation-state, Russia’s ruling elite would need to divest itself of any pretensions to pan-Slavism, Eurasianism, or other messianic, state expanding, and great power ambitions couched as "national interests." Only such a drastic reorientation would provide Moscow with opportunities for confidence building, equality, and cooperation with countries such as Ukraine, Poland, Bulgaria, or Romania. Such a strategy would ultimately help Russia become a more stable and democratic state. Paradoxically, Russia would then be more effective in projecting its genuine interests without provoking concern about its objectives and opposition to its policies. Unfortunately, the Kremlin administration continues to harbor grandiose ambitions based on historical glories and persistent paranoias. As a result, democracy and stability are sacrificed for power projection and empire building. There is a chasm between how Russia should conduct its relations with neighbors and how it does conduct them. Intervening in local politics, engaging in energy blackmail, manipulating ethnic and separatist movements, converting its substantial economic investments into long-term political influence, and incessantly attacking allegedly "Russophobic" politicians does not endear the government in Moscow to other capitals. Most of the nearby states have understood that Putin’s Kremlin is intent on rebuilding a new empire across “Eurasia” by dominating its near neighbors, neutralizing the opposition of former satellites, and forging alliances with larger states that can enhance Russia's global role and benefit its enduring competition with the United States. The question is how can Russia’s negative influences be countered and neutralized by Europe’s restored democracies working with its allies in NATO and the EU while the sphere of Euro-Atlantic security continues to be expanded eastwards. By examining the threat, this volume also attempts to provide the remedy.

Janusz Bugajski, Washington D.C., March 2006

The European Conscience and Totalitarianism: Discussions and Historical SourcesThe European Conscience and Totalitarianism: Discussions and Historical Sources

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The European Conscience and Totalitarianism: Discussions and Historical Sources is an anthology of historical documents, research papers and a round table discussion on Communism and totalitarianism in Bulgaria. It has been compiled and published as a result of a project entitled The Communist and Nazi Crimes against Humanity and Bulgarian History Textbooks for Primary and Secondary Schools. Besides historical sources on totalitarianism in Bulgaria, the book contains entries on “Communism as a Totalitarian System” by Plamen Tsvetkov, “Bulgarian Totalitarianism – Problems of Methodology and Historiography” by Lachezar Stoyanov, and the round-table discussion titled “Studying and Teaching the History of Totalitarianism”, held within the framework of an annual conference organized by the Department of History of New Bulgarian University (Sozopol, 19 – 21 September 2009)

Reason journalReason journal

Theoretical Journal for Politics and Culture